A guide to perfect embroidery

Poor design
Poor design

Peter Wright of Amaya Sales UK takes a look at how you can achieve perfect embroidery with seven simple steps.

Perfect embroidery is achieved by combining several factors. Some of which I have outlined below:

1) The digitised design

The quality of digitising is probably the most important factor because if the design is not created correctly then nothing else will improve the end result. The design must have the correct optimum amount of stitches to give the best results – too few stitches will allow you to see through the design and too many will make the design look lumpy and increase the number of thread breaks. If you have purchased or are thinking of purchasing embroidery design software then choose a renowned company that can offer first class training. If you are having your designs created by a company, shop around and find the best one that you can work with – there are many to choose from.

Good design
Good design

2) Backing or stabiliser

Most embroiderers use just one type of tear away and one of cut away. These are fine for the majority of the time but sometimes using different weights and the quality of the backing can make an amazing difference. Consult your supplier for their advice on backing for problem fabrics. Using the wrong product and wrong weight can seriously affect the quality of the end product.

3) Topping

On fabrics with long pile such as towels, be sure to use a cold water soluble topping material. This holds down the pile and prevents it showing through the design. After the design is finished you just spray the design with cold water to remove the excess.

4) Needles

Make sure your needles are changed regularly and that they are not blunt or bent. These problems can cause thread breaks and damage to the fabric. A bent needle can cause holes in the fabric giving an undesired effect. If you hold the design up to the light you will see holes around the stitching.

5) Framing

It is essential to use the correct size frame, this would ideally be a little larger than the design. You then have to make sure the material is tight enough in the frame (but not too tight that it stretches the fabric). If the garment is loose in the frame your design will go out of registration and you could see bad puckering of the material.

6) Thread tension

Make sure your thread tensions are correct. If your bottom and top tensions are too tight, this will have an effect on the finished design. If the tensions are too loose, you will see unsightly looping of the thread. If the top tension is too tight you will see the white bobbin thread showing on the top. Some machines have auto thread tensioning which takes the guess work out of the situation.

7) Machine servicing

Make sure your machine is serviced regularly. If you have registration problems it could be that you need adjustments to the pantograph belts etc. Servicing might seem expensive but in the long run it will save you money and customers.

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